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Patterns Terminology

Chon-Ji: Means literally "the Heaven the Earth". It is, in the Orient, interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history.


  • Hana- One  

  • Tul- Two 

  • Set- Three 

  • Net- Four 

  • Dasut- Five


Dan-Gun: It is named after the holy Dan-Gun who, according to legend, founded Korea in 2333 B.C.


  • Ch’a-ryot-Attention Stance 

  • Shwi-o-Rest 

  • Chun-Bi-Ready Position

  • Kyong-nye-Bow 

  • Ki-Hap-Powerful Yell

Do-San: Is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang-Ho (1876-1938). The 24 movements represent his entire life which he devoted to furthering the education of Korea and its independence movement.

  • To-Bok-Uniform 

  • Shi-jak- Begin 

  • Kuk-Ki-Flag

  • Ku-man-Stop



Won-Hyo: Means "dawn" and was the influential monk who introduced Buddhism to the Korean peninsula during the Silla Dynasty in the year of 686 A.D

  • Jurugi-Punch

  • Chagi-Kick 

  • Kye-sok-Continue  

  • Sogi-Stance  

  • Makgi-Block

Yul-Gok: Is the pseudonym of a great philosopher and scholar Yil (1536-1584) nicknamed the "Confucius of Korea". The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on 38 latitude.

  • Chong-Blue 

  • Hong-Red

  • Kyongo-Half-Point Deduction

  • Gamjeon-Full-Point Deduction

Joon-Gun: Is named after the patriot Ahn Joong-Gun who assassinated Hiro-Bumi Ito, the first Japanese governor-general of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part in the Korea-Japan merger. There are 32 movements in this pattern to represent Ahn's age when he was executed (1910).

  • Kyosonim-Instructor

  • Sabonim-Master Instructor



Toi-Gye: is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th century), an authority on neo Confucianism.

  • Ku-Ki Dehayo-Turn to face flag

  • To-Jang-Martial-Arts School

  • Tul-Pattern 

  • Dan-Degree (Black Belt)


Hwa-Rang: is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group, which originated in the Silla Dynasty (about 600 AD) early 7th Century. The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Taekwondo developed into maturity.

  • Ho-Gu-Protective Armor

  • Hae-San-Dismiss

  • Kal-lyo-Seperate

  • Yaset- Six  

  • Ilgop- Seven   

  • Yul-Dul- Eight   

  • Ahop- Nine    

  • Yul- Ten

Chung-Moo: was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Soon-Sin of the Yi Dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armored battleship (Kobukson) in 1592, which is said to be the precursor of the present-day submarine. The reason this pattern ends with a left-hand attack is to symbolize his regrettable death.


GE-BAEK: named after Ge-Baek, a great general in the Baek Je Dynasty (660 AD). The diagram represents his severe and strict military discipline.

  • Nae-gi…Internal Power

  • Ma-Um…Mind

  • Chong-Shin…Spirit      


PO-EUN: Is the pseudonym of a loyal subject Chong Mong-Chu (1400) who was a famous poet and whose poem “I would not serve a second master though I might be crucified a hundred times” is known to every Korean. He was also a pioneer in the field of physics. The diagram represents his unerring loyalty to the king and country towards the end of the Koryo Dynasty.

  • Han-guk…Korea

  • Mu-sa… Warrior

  • Wae-gi…External Power


KWANG-GAE: Is named after the famous Kwang-Gae-Toh-Wang, the 19th king of the Koguryo Dynasty, who regained all the lost territories, including the greater part of Manchuria. The diagram represents the expansion and recovery of lost territory. The 39 movements refer to the first two figures of 391 A.D. the year he came to the throne.

  • Shin-ch’e… Body

  • Ch’ol-hak… Philosophy

  • Shi-hap… Competition (sport)

EUI-AM: Is the pseudonym of Son-Byong-Hi, the leader of the Korean independence movement on March 1st, 1919. The 45 movements refer to his age when he changed the name of Dong Hak (oriental culture) to Chondo Kyo (Heavenly way religion) in 1905. The diagram represents his indomitable spirit, displayed while dedicating himself to the prosperity of his nation.


CHOON-JANG: Is the pseudonym given to General Kim Duk Ryang who lived during the Lee Dynasty, 14th century. This pattern ends with a left-hand attack to symbolize the tragedy of his death at 27 in prison when he was able to reach full maturity.


KOE-DANG: Is the pseudonym of the Patriot Cho Man Sik who dedicated his life to the independence movement and education of his people. The 39 movements signify his times of imprisonment and his birthplace on the 39th parallel.


CHOI-YONG: Is named after General Choi Yong, premier and commander in chief of the armed forces during the 14th century Koryo Dynasty. Choi Yong was greatly respected for his loyalty, patriotism, and humility. He was executed by his subordinate commanders deaded by general Yi Sung Gae, who later became the first king of the Lee Dynasty.


SAM-IL: Denotes the historical date of the independence movement of Korea which began throughout the country on March 1st, 1919. The 33 movements in the pattern stand for the 33 patriots who planned the movement.



YOO-SIN: Is named after Kim Yoo Sin, a commanding general during the Silla Dynasty. The 68 movements refer to the last two figures of 668A.D. the year Korea was united. The ready posture signifies a sword drawn on the right rather than left side, symbolizing Yoo Sin’s mistake of following his King’s orders to fight with foreign forces against his own nation.

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